In order to remove the many questions in the minds of both Muslims and non-Muslims with respect to what exactly Islam states about terrorism, i have attempted to put forward a conclusive article aimed towards removing such anomalies.
The Holy Qur’an specifically states that the Muslims should not fight, unless in defense or at war.However, as with other religions, in the case of Islam , not every Muslim will believe the exact same thing. It’s impossible for every person to be told one thing, and live their life within the specifications of those instructions. There will be variation and moderation. Then why, without understanding or reading about Islam, do people say that Islam is a violent religion, when a few Muslim extremists become enveloped in violent acts as opposed to the entire Islamic world?
To judge many based on the actions of a few is short-sighted, and exactly how ignorance is spread. As I said before the truth of Islam won’t be found in the people who say they are Muslims.They interpret their religion in the way they find it best, and the way it best suits them, with their own biases.
I don’t know if you agree with me or whether you feel the same way but we need to love everyone irrespective of race, religion, creed, caste, nationality etc . No matter their race, religion, or philosophy, we need to connect to people one on one as a person, as a human, who needs love, compassion and understanding like the rest of us. Enlightenment and realization of our own goals will only come if we can do this for others.
Islam sets down clear guidelines as to when war is ethically right, and clear guidelines as to how such a war should be conducted. Islam allows war in self-defence (Qur’an 22:39), to defend Islam, to protect those who have been removed from their homes by force because they are Muslims (Qur’an 22:40), and to protect the innocent who are being oppressed (Qur’an 4:75).
Under the provisions of Islam and the Quran, war should be conducted in a disciplined way so as to avoid injuring non-combatants, with the minimum necessary force , without anger and with humane treatment towards prisoners of war. Muslims must only wage war according to the principles of Allah’s justice.
But some Muslim thinkers in the past, and some more radical and fanatic Muslim thinkers today, and sadly a lot of biased non Muslims, in order to create unrest and propaganda, take a different view. They say that other verses in the Qur’an, the so-called ‘sword verses’, have “abrogated” (revoked or annulled) the verses that permit warfare only in defence. They use these verses to justify war against unbelievers as a tool of spreading Islam (Qur’an 9:5, 9:29.)
Some of even gone to the extent of regarding Muslims who don’t conform rigorously to the Islamic code as interpreted by them, as non-believers and thus as “enemies of God” against whom it is legitimate to use violence. However, if they bothered to understand Islam in detail, they would realize that the idea of a total and unrestricted conflict is completely unIslamic. This is illustrated in the Quranic verse below:
Fight in the cause of God against those who fight you, but do not transgress limits. God does not love transgressors.Qur’an 2:190
Islam is in favour of peace and against violence. Murdering the innocent leads to punishment in Hell:
If anyone killed a person – unless it was for murder or for spreading mischief in the land – it would be as if he killed the whole people (mankind). Qur’an 5:32
Furthermore, Islam bans the killing of non-combatants (Qur’an 2:190, above), or of a combatant who has been captured. Muslims are forbidden from attacking wounded soldiers (unless the wounded person is still fighting).T he Prophet’s view of non-combatants is shown by a hadith in which Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon him) sees a woman killed in the battlefield and condemns the action.
Similarly, when an enemy is defeated he should be made prisoner rather than be killed: This is also illustrated in the Holy Quran.
So when you meet in battle those who disbelieve, then smite the necks until when you have overcome them, then make (them) prisoners, and afterwards either set them free as a favor or let them ransom (themselves) until the war terminates. Qur’an 47:4.
Abu Bakr (the First Caliph of Islam) gave these rules to an army he was sending to battle:
Do not commit treachery or deviate from the right path.You must not mutilate dead bodies.Neither kill a child, nor a woman, nor an aged man.Bring no harm to the trees, nor burn them with fire, especially those which are fruitful.Slay not any of the enemy’s flock, save for your food.You are likely to pass by people who have devoted their lives to monastic services; leave them alone.
Does this alone does not expressly convey the stance taken by Islam?
Islam is a religion of mercy and does not permit terrorism. The act of inciting terror in the hearts of defenseless civilians, the wholesale destruction of buildings and properties, the bombing and maiming of innocent men, women, and children are all forbidden and detestable acts according to Islam and the Muslims. Muslims follow a religion of peace, mercy, and forgiveness, and the vast majority have nothing to do with the violent events some have associated with Muslims. If an individual Muslim were to commit an act of terrorism, this person would be guilty of violating the laws of Islam and is not a Muslim.
The message of the Quran is clear as we have seen, that the sanctity of any human life is to be respected and any violation in that regard is paramount to the worst crime. Mercy is at the heart of the Islamic call:
“We sent thee (O Muhammad) not save as a mercy for the peoples” (21:107)
Isn’t this a totally different message to what the terrorists are sadly imparting to humanity. Are these terrorists, really fighting for Islam? No they are not.
Here is an explanation given by Mr. Zakir Naik, a renowned Islamic scholar of India explaining that the Quran DOES NOT say that Muslims should kill infidels, Kafirs in general as if there is a killing spree.
So let’s try to understand Islam first, before stereotyping Muslims and hating them. Islam is not the enemy. People misconstruing its message are enemies of mankind.